1559. Multi-objective optimization for dynamic response of the car frame system

Ya-hui Wang

North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power, Zhengzhou 450011, China

E-mail: wangyahui_1979@163.com

(Received 6 September 2014; received in revised form 4 November 2014; accepted 21 February 2015)

Abstract. Modern high-speed structures often have great vibration, noise and dynamic loads. Traditional technology pays more attention to geometric constraint, strength constraint, stability constraint and frequency constraint generally. During the running process of a car, road roughness will cause vibration of the car. When the vibration reaches certain extent, it will not only affect the fatigue life of the car, but also affect the seat comfort and operation stability. In this paper, the optimal solution considering the dynamic response of the car under the dynamic excitation of the road was sought by taking acceleration response as the constraint, the minimum mass and the minimum acceleration response as the optimization objectives. Because the car model is complicated, a hybrid finite element model was built by simplifying the car model to obtain frame, Frequency response analysis was carried out on the car frame to extract mass and acceleration response. Optimization analysis was also carried out on the car frame by means of linear weighted sum method and NCGA method. The results show that both of them can optimize the mass and acceleration of the car frame and can meet the strength requirements.

Keywords: car frame structure, vibration acceleration response, frequency response analysis, multi-objective optimization.

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