1542. Improved design of the transmission mechanism of the of 4cylinder doubleacting Stirling engine

Junzhou Huo1, Hanyang Wu2, Wei Sun3, Jing Chen4, Liping Wang5

1, 2, 3School of Mechanical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China

4School of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian, 116026, China

5Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences,
University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia

4Corresponding author

E-mail: 1huojunzhou@dlut.edu.cn, 2931569111@qq.com, 3sunwei@dlut.edu.cn, 4chen_jing82@163.com, 5liping.wang@mymail.unisa.edu.au

(Received 17 December 2014; received in revised form 23 January 2015; accepted 10 February 2015)

Abstract. Four-cylinder U-shaped transmission mechanism design is closely related to operational stability, efficiency and life expectancy of Stirling engine system, as any deficiency of design of transmission mechanism may cause excessive reciprocating inertia force, centrifugal inertia force and counter-torque. Those intense forces and torques will transfer through the crankshaft bearings and the crankcase to supporting, resulting in the vibration of the Stirling engine and reducing the system operation stability and efficiency. According to features of four cylinder U‑shaped drive mechanism, this paper built the counterweight theoretical model of transmission mechanism to obtain the values of counterweight and counter-balanced phase angle on crankshaft and output shaft. On this basis, dynamics simulation model of transmission mechanism can be established by multi-body dynamics simulation platform. Simulation results indicate that through certain improvement based on original design, the speed fluctuation coefficient of output shaft, left and right crankshafts is reduced by 19.2 %, 40.5 % and 37.4 % respectively; vibration displacement of the center of mass in output shaft is decreased by 19.5 %; average dynamic force and moment on engine body is diminished by 15.84 % and 20 % respectively; the weight of the flywheel can be declined by 50 % under steady working conditions. Above simulation results could verify the feasibility and effectiveness of improvement program aimed at dynamic balance. Meanwhile, this paper improves the power density of engine through the appropriate design of flywheel, striving to provide theoretical support for the design of transmission mechanism in Stirling engines.

Keywords: Stirling engine, transmission mechanism, dynamic balance, dynamics simulation, power density.


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Cite this article

Huo Junzhou, Wu Hanyang, Sun Wei, Chen Jing, Wang Liping Improved design of the transmission mechanism of the of 4cylinder doubleacting Stirling engine. Journal of Vibroengineering, Vol. 17, Issue 2, 2015, p. 643‑654.


© JVE International Ltd. Journal of Vibroengineering. Mar 2015, Volume 17, Issue 2. ISSN 1392-8716