38. Performance comparison of conventional and composite leaf spring
W. Papacz1, E. Tertel2, P. Kuryło3
University of Zielona Góra, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Zielona Góra, Poland
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
(Received 12 December 2013; received in revised form 16 December 2013; accepted 21 December 2013)
Abstract. The automobile industry has shown increased interest in the use of composite leaf spring due to its high strength to weight ratio. The introduction of composite materials has made it possible to reduce the weight of the leaf spring without any reduction in load carrying capacity and stiffness. In this paper, results of research on vibration suppression in steel and composite (Glass Fibre Reinforced plastic GFRP) leaf springs are presented. Polymeric composite leaf springs and steel springs are studied. Composite springs were designed in such a way that they could replace steel springs in a van. The amplitude of vibrations and the reaction of props were measured and recorded. These parameters rendered it possible to calculate the coefficient of vibration suppression for steel and composite leaf springs. It is concluded that composite leaf springs in comparison to steel springs about three times better suppress vibrations, they are about five times lighter and generate smaller dynamic burdens to vehicle bodies.
Keywords: leaf spring, composite, glass fibre reinforced plastic (GFRP).
 Pozhilarasu V., Parameshwaran T. Pillai performance comparison of conventional and composite leaf spring. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 12, 2012, p. 4827‑4831.
 Abdul Rahim, et al. Developing a composite based elliptic spring for automotive applications. Journal of Materials and Design, 2010, p. 475‑484.
 AlQureshi H. A. Automobile leaf springs from composite materials. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 2001, p. 58‑61.
 Romanów Fr., Maćkiewicz J., Papacz Wł. Wybrane parametry wytrzymałościowe belek kompozytowych w aspekcie zastosowania na resory samochodowe. Konferencja KBN Zielona Góra, 2000.
 Dave R. Automotive suspension systems benefit from composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics, 2003, p. 18‑21.
 Deshmukh B., Jaju S. B. Design and analysis of glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) leaf spring. Emerging, Trends in Engineering and Technology, 2011, p. 82‑87.
Cite this article
Papacz W., Tertel E., Kuryło P. Performance comparison of conventional and composite leaf spring. Journal of Measurements in Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 1, 2014, p. 24‑28.
Journal of Measurements in
Engineering. March 2014, Volume 2, Issue 1